Installation system requirements (FREE SELF)
This page includes information about the minimum requirements you need to install and use GitLab.
The necessary hard drive space largely depends on the size of the repositories you want to store in GitLab but as a guideline you should have at least as much free space as all your repositories combined take up.
The Linux package requires about 2.5 GB of storage space for installation.
If you want to be flexible about growing your hard drive space in the future consider mounting it using logical volume management (LVM) so you can add more hard drives when you need them.
Apart from a local hard drive you can also mount a volume that supports the network file system (NFS) protocol. This volume might be located on a file server, a network attached storage (NAS) device, a storage area network (SAN) or on an Amazon Web Services (AWS) Elastic Block Store (EBS) volume.
If you have enough RAM and a recent CPU the speed of GitLab is mainly limited by hard drive seek times. Having a fast drive (7200 RPM and up) or a solid state drive (SSD) improves the responsiveness of GitLab.
NOTE: Because file system performance may affect the overall performance of GitLab, we don't recommend using cloud-based file systems for storage.
CPU requirements are dependent on the number of users and expected workload. Your exact needs may be more, depending on your workload. Your workload is influenced by factors such as - but not limited to - how active your users are, how much automation you use, mirroring, and repository/change size.
The following is the recommended minimum CPU hardware guidance for a handful of example GitLab user base sizes.
- 4 cores is the recommended minimum number of cores and supports up to 500 users
- 8 cores supports up to 1000 users
- More users? Consult the reference architectures page
Memory requirements are dependent on the number of users and expected workload. Your exact needs may be more, depending on your workload. Your workload is influenced by factors such as - but not limited to - how active your users are, how much automation you use, mirroring, and repository/change size.
The following is the recommended minimum Memory hardware guidance for a handful of example GitLab user base sizes.
- 4 GB RAM is the required minimum memory size and supports up to 500 users
- 8 GB RAM supports up to 1000 users
- More users? Consult the reference architectures page
For smaller installations, you should:
- Have at least 2 GB of swap on your server, even if you have enough available RAM. Having swap helps to reduce the chance of errors occurring if your available memory changes.
- Configure the kernel's swappiness setting to a low value like
10to make the most of your RAM while still having the swap available when needed.
For larger installations that follow our reference architectures, you shouldn't configure swap.
NOTE: Although excessive swapping is undesired and degrades performance, it is an extremely important last resort against out-of-memory conditions. During unexpected system load, such as OS updates or other services on the same host, peak memory load spikes could be much higher than average. Having plenty of swap helps avoid the Linux OOM killer unsafely terminating a potentially critical process, such as PostgreSQL, which can have disastrous consequences.
PostgreSQL is the only supported database, which is bundled with the Linux package. You can also use an external PostgreSQL database.
The server running PostgreSQL should have at least 5-10 GB of storage available, though the exact requirements depend on the number of users. For Ultimate customers the server should have at least 12 GB of storage available, as 1 GB of vulnerability data needs to be imported.
We highly recommend using at least the minimum PostgreSQL versions (as specified in the following table) as these were used for development and testing:
|Minimum PostgreSQL version
You must also ensure the following extensions are loaded into every GitLab database. Read more about this requirement, and troubleshooting.
|Minimum GitLab version
The following managed PostgreSQL services are known to be incompatible and should not be used:
|Amazon Aurora (see 14.4.0)
NOTE: Support for PostgreSQL 9.6 and 10 was removed in GitLab 13.0 so that GitLab can benefit from PostgreSQL 11 improvements, such as partitioning.
Additional requirements for GitLab Geo
If you're using GitLab Geo, we strongly recommend running instances installed by using the Linux package, as we actively develop and test based on those. We try to be compatible with most external (not managed by a Linux package installation) databases (for example, AWS Relational Database Service (RDS)), but we can't guarantee compatibility.
Operating system locale compatibility and silent index corruption
Changes to locale data in
glibc means that PostgreSQL database files are not fully compatible
between different OS releases.
To avoid index corruption, check for locale compatibility when:
- Moving binary PostgreSQL data between servers.
- Upgrading your Linux distribution.
- Updating or changing third party container images.
Gitaly Cluster database requirements
Exclusive use of GitLab databases
Databases created or used for GitLab, Geo, Gitaly Cluster, or other components should be for the exclusive use of GitLab. Do not make direct changes to the database, schemas, users, or other properties except when following procedures in the GitLab documentation or following the directions of GitLab Support or other GitLab engineers.
The main GitLab application currently uses three schemas:
- The default
No other schemas should be manually created.
- The default
GitLab may create new schemas as part of Rails database migrations. This happens when performing a GitLab upgrade. The GitLab database account requires access to do this.
GitLab creates and modifies tables during the upgrade process, and also as part of standard operations to manage partitioned tables.
You should not modify the GitLab schema (for example, adding triggers or modifying tables). Database migrations are tested against the schema definition in the GitLab codebase. GitLab version upgrades may fail if the schema is modified.
The recommended settings for Puma are determined by the infrastructure on which it's running. The Linux package defaults to the recommended Puma settings. Regardless of installation method, you can tune the Puma settings:
- If you're using the Linux package, see Puma settings for instructions on changing the Puma settings.
- If you're using the GitLab Helm chart, see the
The recommended number of workers is calculated as the highest of the following:
- A combination of CPU and memory resource availability (see how this is configured automatically for the Linux package).
Take for example the following scenarios:
A node with 2 cores / 8 GB memory should be configured with 2 Puma workers.
The highest number from 2 And [ the lowest number from - number of cores: 2 - memory limit: (8 - 1.5) = 6 ]
So, the highest from 2 and 2 is 2.
A node with 4 cores / 4 GB memory should be configured with 2 Puma workers.
The highest number from 2 And [ the lowest number from - number of cores: 4 - memory limit: (4 - 1.5) = 2.5 ]
So, the highest from 2 and 2 is 2.
A node with 4 cores / 8 GB memory should be configured with 4 Puma workers.
The highest number from 2 And [ the lowest number from - number of cores: 4 - memory limit: (8 - 1.5) = 6.5 ]
So, the highest from 2 and 4 is 4.
You can increase the number of Puma workers, provided enough CPU and memory capacity is available. A higher number of Puma workers usually helps to reduce the response time of the application and increase the ability to handle parallel requests. You must perform testing to verify the optimal settings for your infrastructure.
The recommended number of threads is dependent on several factors, including total memory.
- If the operating system has a maximum 2 GB of memory, the recommended number of threads is
1. A higher value results in excess swapping, and decrease performance.
- In all other cases, the recommended number of threads is
4. We don't recommend setting this higher, due to how Ruby MRI multi-threading works.
Puma per worker maximum memory
By default, each Puma worker is limited to 1.2 GB of memory. You can adjust this memory setting and should do so if you must increase the number of Puma workers.
Redis stores all user sessions and the background task queue.
The requirements for Redis are as follows:
- Redis 6.x or 7.x is required in GitLab 16.0 and later.
- Redis Cluster mode is not supported. Redis Standalone must be used.
- Storage requirements for Redis are minimal, about 25 kB per user on average.
Sidekiq processes the background jobs with a multithreaded process. This process starts with the entire Rails stack (200 MB+) but it can grow over time due to memory leaks. On a very active server (10,000 billable users) the Sidekiq process can use 1 GB+ of memory.
Prometheus and its exporters
Prometheus and its related exporters are enabled by default to enable in depth monitoring of GitLab. With default settings, these processes consume approximately 200 MB of memory.
If you would like to disable Prometheus and it's exporters or read more information about it, check the Prometheus documentation.
We strongly advise against installing GitLab Runner on the same machine you plan to install GitLab on. Depending on how you decide to configure GitLab Runner and what tools you use to exercise your application in the CI environment, GitLab Runner can consume significant amount of available memory.
Memory consumption calculations, that are available above, are not valid if you decide to run GitLab Runner and the GitLab Rails application on the same machine.
It's also not safe to install everything on a single machine, because of the security reasons, especially when you plan to use shell executor with GitLab Runner.
We recommend using a separate machine for each GitLab Runner, if you plan to use the CI features. The GitLab Runner server requirements depend on:
- The type of executor you configured on GitLab Runner.
- Resources required to run build jobs.
- Job concurrency settings.
Because the nature of the jobs varies for each use case, you must experiment by adjusting the job concurrency to get the optimum setting.
For reference, the SaaS runners on Linux are configured so that a single job runs in a single instance with:
- 1 vCPU.
- 3.75 GB of RAM.
Supported web browsers
WARNING: With GitLab 13.0 (May 2020) we have removed official support for Internet Explorer 11.
GitLab supports the following web browsers:
For the listed web browsers, GitLab supports:
- The current and previous major versions of browsers.
- The current minor version of a supported major version.
After installation, be sure to read and follow guidance on maintaining a secure GitLab installation.